무역영어 1급

2017년 3회

영문해석


1. What is NOT the role of bank(s) under letter of credit operations?
[7~8] Below explains international bank guarantee
under URDG 758.
A. Demand guarantee is a primary, non-accessory
 obligation towards the beneficiary.
B. The guarantor remains liable even if the
 obligation of the applicant is for any reason
 extinguished.
C. The guarantor may not pay on first demand with
 making defence.
D. This can be used to insure a buyer or a seller
 from loss due to non-performance by the other
 party in a contract.
  • 1
    A
  • 2
    B
  • 3
    C
  • 4
    D

2. What is the correct town/port to use afterINCOTERMS 2010 FOB for below scenario?
A container is loaded in the town of Daejeon and
trucked to Busan port where it is loaded on board a
ocean vessel to Hamburg. Then reloaded onto a
feeder vessel and discharged in Copenhagen port.
After arriving Copenhagen port container is trucked
to consignees warehouse. Finally goods are
costumed cleared and ready to use or sell.
  • 1
    FOB Busan
  • 2
    FOB Hamburg
  • 3
    FOB Daejeon
  • 4
    FOB Copenhagen

3. What is WRONG in explaining money laundering?
A. Money laundering is the process of concealing the
 source of money obtained by illicit means.
B. The methods by which money may be laundered
 are varied and can range in sophistication.
C. Many regulatory and governmental authorities
 quote estimates each year for the amount of
 money laundered.
D. For example, a buyer must verify a customer's
 identity and monitor transactions for suspicious
 activities. This is often termed as "know your
 customer (KYC)"
  • 1
    A
  • 2
    B
  • 3
    C
  • 4
    D

4. Which is LEAST appropriate for the blank?
  • 1
    proof of delivery of the goods on board the vessel
  • 2
    appointment of the consignee
  • 3
    evidence of the contract of carriage
  • 4
    a means of transferring title to the goods

5. What does the following refer to?
Purchasing of claims by the bank, mainly resulting
from medium or long term export transactions. The
discounted amount is being paid out without
recourse on the seller of the receivables. The
predominant payment instruments are bill of
exchange, promissory note or documentary credits
available by deferred payment.
  • 1
    factoring
  • 2
    confirmation
  • 3
    project financing
  • 4
    forfaiting

6. Which is most WRONG in explaining insurance?
A. Insured has an insurable interest when loss of or
 damage would cause the insurer to cover the loss.
B. Open cover is most flexible if goods are moved
 regularly in a fixed time.
C. Cargo insurance covers loss of or damage to
 goods while in transit by land, sea and air.
D. Applying CIF and CIP, the seller can take out
 insurance for 100% of the value of the goods.
  • 1
    A
  • 2
    B
  • 3
    C
  • 4
    D

7. Which is NOT a correct statement?
[7~8] Below explains international bank guarantee
under URDG 758.
A. Demand guarantee is a primary, non-accessory
 obligation towards the beneficiary.
B. The guarantor remains liable even if the
 obligation of the applicant is for any reason
 extinguished.
C. The guarantor may not pay on first demand with
 making defence.
D. This can be used to insure a buyer or a seller
 from loss due to non-performance by the other
 party in a contract.
  • 1
    A
  • 2
    B
  • 3
    C
  • 4
    D

8. What has similar function to the bank guarantee?
[7~8] Below explains international bank guarantee
under URDG 758.
A. Demand guarantee is a primary, non-accessory
 obligation towards the beneficiary.
B. The guarantor remains liable even if the
 obligation of the applicant is for any reason
 extinguished.
C. The guarantor may not pay on first demand with
 making defence.
D. This can be used to insure a buyer or a seller
 from loss due to non-performance by the other
 party in a contract.
  • 1
    Surety Bond
  • 2
    Commercial L/C
  • 3
    Standby L/C
  • 4
    Counter guarantee

9. Which is WRONG in explaining internationallitigation?
A. International litigation is generally slow, complicated,
 unfriendly and expensive.
B. It is technically difficult and often requires
 specialized professional counsel.
C. In addition, there exists a risk of court bias
 when the court decision has to be enforced in
 the country of the party having the same
 nationality.
D. If trade parties choose CISG as a governing
 rule, commercial disputes between them shall be
 resolved by litigation.
  • 1
    A
  • 2
    B
  • 3
    C
  • 4
    D

10. What type of bond is needed for the following purpose?
To ensure that goods are delivered or services rendered in accordance with the terms of the contract and within the agreed time.
  • 1
    bid bond
  • 2
    performance bond
  • 3
    retention bond
  • 4
    warranty bond

11. Which is WRONG according to UCP 600?
  • 1
    Seoul Bank located in Korea and in USA areconsidered as the same bank.
  • 2
    A credit is irrevocable even when there is noindication of irrevocability in the credit.
  • 3
    If the credit states 'the document issued by thefirst class examiner', it means that the documentcan be issued by anyone except the beneficiary.
  • 4
    If the credit indicates that 'the shipment date : from October 20, 2017 to November 10, 2017', it includes October 20, 2017 and November 10, 2017.

12. What is NOT actual total loss?
  • 1
    Where the subject-matter insured is totallydestroyed.
  • 2
    Where the ship is damaged by a peril insuredagainst, and the cost of repairing the ship wouldexceed their value when recovered.
  • 3
    Where the subject-matter insured is so damagedas to cease to be a thing of the kind insured.
  • 4
    Where the ship concerned in the adventure ismissing, and after the lapse of a reasonable timeno news of her has been received.

13. What risks is the Buyer exposed under AdvancePayment method?
A. Country risk of seller
B. Seller’s bank risk
C. Seller's performance risk
D. Country risk of buyer
  • 1
    B & C
  • 2
    A & D
  • 3
    A & C
  • 4
    A & B & D

14. Which of the following is the LEAST appropriate Korean translation?
  • 1
    Your order has been placed on rush delivery and should reach you by next week. → 주문하신 물건은 속달로 발송되었으니 다음 주에는 도착할 것입니다.
  • 2
    Our legal department has notified me of its intention to take the appropriate legal action to collect the payment of USD300,000. → 당사의 법무팀에서 3십만 달러의 대금을 회수하기 위해 적법한 절차를 밟겠다는 뜻을 저에게 통보했습니다.
  • 3
    We have secured a new freight forwarder, and you should receive your container by February 22. → 우리는 새로운 복합운송업자를 보증받았고, 2월 22일까지 귀사는 컨테이너를 수령하실 수 있습니다.
  • 4
    Due to a recent surge in demand, the product is on back order until mid-October. → 최근 수요 급증으로 인해 해당 물품은 10월 중순까지 주문이 밀려있습니다.

15. Which of the following insurance documents areacceptable under the following case?
A documentary credit for USD100,000 calls for a full set of bills of lading and an insurance certificate to cover all risks. The bill of lading presented indicates an on board date of 15 December.

A. Insurance Policy for USD120,000.
B. Insurance Certificate just dated 17 December.
C. Insurance Declaration signed by a broker.
D. Insurance Cover Note dated 15 December
  • 1
    A only
  • 2
    B only
  • 3
    A and C
  • 4
    all of the above

16. Put the following sentences in order.
[16~17] Read the following and answer the questions.

Please send us your current catalogue and price list for bicycles. We are interested in importing models for both men and women.
a. This would enable us to maintain the low selling 
 prices which are important for the growth of our business.
b. In return we would be prepared to place orders
 for a guaranteed annual minimum number of
 bicycles, the figure to be mutually agreed.
c. If the quality of your products is satisfactory and the prices are reasonable, we would place large  orders.
d. We are the leading bicycle dealers in this city where cycling is popular, and have branches in five neighbouring towns.
e. Please indicate whether you will allow us a quantity discount.
  • 1
    d-e-c-b-a
  • 2
    d-e-c-a-b
  • 3
    d-c-e-a-b
  • 4
    d-e-b-a-c

17. What CANNOT be inferred from the above?
[16~17] Read the following and answer the questions.

Please send us your current catalogue and price list for bicycles. We are interested in importing models for both men and women.
a. This would enable us to maintain the low selling 
 prices which are important for the growth of our business.
b. In return we would be prepared to place orders
 for a guaranteed annual minimum number of
 bicycles, the figure to be mutually agreed.
c. If the quality of your products is satisfactory and the prices are reasonable, we would place large  orders.
d. We are the leading bicycle dealers in this city where cycling is popular, and have branches in five neighbouring towns.
e. Please indicate whether you will allow us a quantity discount.
  • 1
    The buyer wants a detailed price terms.
  • 2
    The buyer could handle large number of bicycles.
  • 3
    This is to confirm an order.
  • 4
    Seller may give a discount for large orders.

18. What type of insurance is being sought?
We regularly ship consignments of bottled sherry to Australia by both passenger and cargo liners of the Enterprise Shipping Line. Can you issue a comprehensive all-risks policy for these shipments and, if so, on what terms. In particular we wish to know whether you can issue a special rate in return for the promise of regular monthly shipments.
  • 1
    Open policy
  • 2
    Insurance Certificate
  • 3
    Insurance Policy
  • 4
    Export credit insurance

19. Which transportation document is being explained?
Transport document which is not a document of title/negotiable document. This document indicates on board loading of the goods and can be used in cases where no document of title is required.
  • 1
    Sea waybill
  • 2
    Ocean bill of Lading
  • 3
    Air waybill
  • 4
    FCR

20. What is the subject of the letter?
[20~21] Read the following and answer the questions.

We have recently concluded a contract for the supply of raw cotton from New Orleans to Manchester over the next twelve months and should be glad if you would find us a suitable ship, about five thousand tons. The question of speed is important as the ship we need must be able to make six return voyages in the time, allowing for six days at each turn-round.
  • 1
    Enquiry for a time charter
  • 2
    Request for information on container service
  • 3
    Request for freight rebate
  • 4
    Advice of shipment

21. Which of the following is the BEST reply to theletter?
[20~21] Read the following and answer the questions.

We have recently concluded a contract for the supply of raw cotton from New Orleans to Manchester over the next twelve months and should be glad if you would find us a suitable ship, about five thousand tons. The question of speed is important as the ship we need must be able to make six return voyages in the time, allowing for six days at each turn-round.
  • 1
    Flights are made daily, except on Sundays, andyour parcel should reach its destination in notmore than three days.
  • 2
    We should be glad if you would handle theconsignment for us, but first send us details ofthe cost and of any formalities to be observed.
  • 3
    We are glad to inform you that we have found aship which we think would serve you very well.
  • 4
    Although we would have preferred a larger ship,this will suit our needs and we confirm ourtelegram as follows.

22. Which is the LEAST appropriate Korean translation?
  • 1
    We will deduct the shipping charge for the returnfrom our invoice. → 배송비는 다음번에 귀사에서 우리 쪽으로 배송할때 송장에서 공제하도록 하겠습니다.
  • 2
    Despite our several requests, we have not beensuccessful in collecting the outstanding balancefrom your company. → 여러 차례 독촉을 하였으나, 귀사로부터 미불금을수금하지 못했습니다.
  • 3
    50% of the total quoted fee is due upon signingthe agreement. The remaining will be invoicedupon completion of the project. → 계약서 체결시에 총 견적 수수료의 반을 지불해주시기 바랍니다. 잔금은 프로젝트 완료와 동시에청구하겠습니다.
  • 4
    We'll ship your order upon receipt of yourpayment in full. → 주문품은 대금을 전액 수령하는 대로 선적하겠습니다.

23. Which is the LEAST appropriate Korean translation?
  • 1
    A short extension would be very helpful to us,as it would give us an extra month for thechecks from our clients to clear. → 조금 더 기한을 주시면 고객들의 문제를 한달안에 풀 수 있겠습니다.
  • 2
    We acknowledge receipt of your letter requestinga change in the validity of the L/C. → 신용장의 기한을 수정해 달라고 하신 서한을받았습니다.
  • 3
    The subcontractors are asking for a two-weektime extension. → 하청업자들이 2주 기한 연장을 요구하고 있습니다.
  • 4
    I am afraid that we are unable to fulfill yourrequest as we have discontinued the item. → 유감스럽게도 그 품목은 단종되었기 때문에귀하의 요청을 처리할 수 없습니다.

24. Which is the LEAST appropriate Korean translation?
  • 1
    Acceptance commission and discount charges are for account of beneficiary. → 인수 수수료 및 할인이자는 수익자 부담입니다
  • 2
    Payment for the face value of the draft will be made on a sight basis irrespective of the tenor as interest is for account of Applicant. → 이자는 개설의뢰인의 부담이므로 환어음의 액면 금액은 지급기간에 상관없이 일람 지급될 것입니다.
  • 3
    Upon receipt of documents in order, Issuing Bank will reimburse Negotiating Bank as per their instruction. → 일치하는 서류를 접수한 후, 개설은행은 매입은행의 지시에 따라 상환할 것입니다
  • 4
    At the request of the beneficiary, we have today transferred this credit partially to ABC Co., Ltd., Seoul, Korea up to US$50,000. → 수익자의 요청에 따라 금일 개설은행은 미화 5만 달러까지 한국의 서울소재 ABC사로 신용장을 분할 양도하였습니다.

25. Which is related to "offer subject to prior sale"?
  • 1
    We are pleased to offer firm subject to receiving your reply by September 30, 2017.
  • 2
    We are pleased to offer you the following items subject to our final confirmation
  • 3
    We have a pleasure in offering you the following items subject to being unsold.
  • 4
    We have a pleasure in offering you the following items subject to receiving your reply by September 30, 2017.

영작문


26. Fill in the blank with most appropriate word(s).
Mr. Chao Wang,
Dragon Corporation
 The above order is now on board the Arirang, sailing for Shanghai tomorrow, arriving on Thursday.
As there was no time to check references, we drew a sight draft for the total amount of USD4,150,000. This was sent to Bank of China and will be presented to you for payment.
If you can supply two business references before your next order, we will put the transaction on a (         ) basis with 30 days credit drawn on you.

Best wishes,
Peter Han
HN Global
  • 1
    documents against acceptance
  • 2
    sight L/C
  • 3
    open account
  • 4
    cash against documents

27. Who is the drawee?
Mr. Chao Wang,
Dragon Corporation
 The above order is now on board the Arirang, sailing for Shanghai tomorrow, arriving on Thursday.
As there was no time to check references, we drew a sight draft for the total amount of USD4,150,000. This was sent to Bank of China and will be presented to you for payment.
If you can supply two business references before your next order, we will put the transaction on a documents against acceptance basis with 30 days credit drawn on you.

Best wishes,
Peter Han
HN Global
  • 1
    Dragon Corporation
  • 2
    HN Global
  • 3
    Bank of China
  • 4
    Arirang

28. Which is LEAST appropriate for the blank?
Thank you for your order, NO. 1449 which we received today. Unfortunately, we cannot offer the 35% trade discount you asked for. 25% is our maximum discount, even on larger orders, as our prices are extremely competitive. Therefore, in this instance, I regret that we have to (        ) your order.
  • 1
    turn down
  • 2
    decline
  • 3
    repeal
  • 4
    refuse

29. Which is NOT proper for the blank under UCP600?
A transport document bearing a clause such as “(         )” is acceptable
  • 1
    shipper's load and count
  • 2
    said by shipper to contain
  • 3
    said to contain
  • 4
    cfs loaded

30. Which is MOST appropriate for blank ( ⓐ )?
Dear Mr. Carpenter,
Regarding the type of agency you suggest, I should
point out that we never use exclusive agencies as
we have found that they tend to be rather restrictive
both for ourselves and our customers.
( ⓐ ) who buy our products on their own
account and then retail them at market prices in
their country. Our terms of payment are 60 days O/A
if the customer can provide trade references. ( ⓑ ) is concerned, you may be interested
to hear that we have arranged for an extensive
campaign in Europe. It begins next month and
features our heavy machines. We are sending
dealers throughout Europe brochures, leaflets, and
posters, and this will be followed up by TV
advertising in May.
I look forward to hearing from you.
  • 1
    We prefer large customers
  • 2
    We rely on exclusive agents
  • 3
    We trust sincere brokers
  • 4
    We rely on commission agencies

31. What can be included in the trade reference?
Dear Mr. Carpenter,
Regarding the type of agency you suggest, I should
point out that we never use exclusive agencies as
we have found that they tend to be rather restrictive
both for ourselves and our customers.
( ⓐ ) who buy our products on their own
account and then retail them at market prices in
their country. Our terms of payment are 60 days O/A
if the customer can provide trade references. ( ⓑ ) is concerned, you may be interested
to hear that we have arranged for an extensive
campaign in Europe. It begins next month and
features our heavy machines. We are sending
dealers throughout Europe brochures, leaflets, and
posters, and this will be followed up by TV
advertising in May.
I look forward to hearing from you.
  • 1
    an information about the buyer’s character andabilities
  • 2
    a book, article from which information has beenobtained
  • 3
    a statement given by a bank about the financialposition of a business
  • 4
    the information about where the supplier is whenhe is in foreign country

32. What is most suitable for blank ( ⓑ )?
Dear Mr. Carpenter,
Regarding the type of agency you suggest, I should
point out that we never use exclusive agencies as
we have found that they tend to be rather restrictive
both for ourselves and our customers.
( ⓐ ) who buy our products on their own
account and then retail them at market prices in
their country. Our terms of payment are 60 days O/A
if the customer can provide trade references. ( ⓑ ) is concerned, you may be interested
to hear that we have arranged for an extensive
campaign in Europe. It begins next month and
features our heavy machines. We are sending
dealers throughout Europe brochures, leaflets, and
posters, and this will be followed up by TV
advertising in May.
I look forward to hearing from you.
  • 1
    As long as buyer
  • 2
    As far as dealer
  • 3
    As far as publicity
  • 4
    As long as our product

33. Which is most appropriate for the blank?
We are sorry to say that we are completely out of stock of this item and it will be six weeks (         ) we get our next delivery, but please contact us then.
  • 1
    before
  • 2
    after
  • 3
    unless
  • 4
    if

34. Which is wrong explanation?
  • 1
    Jettison - To throw goods or tackle overboard tolighten a ship in distress.
  • 2
    Piracy - An assault on a vessel, cargo, crew orpassengers at sea by persons and acts forpersonal gain.
  • 3
    Embargo - A government order to stop movementsof ships and cargoes in or out of ports to safeguardthe interests of the country.
  • 4
    Subrogation - A surrender of property by theowner to the insurer in order to claim a total loss,when in fact, the loss may be less than total

35. The following is about infringement clause. Put theright words for the blanks (ⓐ~ⓒ).
( ⓐ ) shall not be liable for infringements of patents, designs, trademarks or copyrights involving goods. If any dispute arises concerning patents, designs, trademarks or copyrights as the result of the sale of the goods by ( ⓑ ), ( ⓒ ) shall, at its own risk and expenses, take all such steps as may be necessary to protect itself.
  • 1
    ⓐ buyer - ⓑ seller - ⓒ buyer
  • 2
    ⓐ buyer - ⓑ seller - ⓒ seller
  • 3
    ⓐ seller - ⓑ buyer - ⓒ seller
  • 4
    ⓐ seller - ⓑ seller - ⓒ buyer

36. Which is the best English composition for the given Korean sentences?
  • 1
    귀사가 신뢰할 만한 회사를 소개해 주시면감사하겠습니다. → We will be much obligatory if you introducesome reliable companies.
  • 2
    당사의 현존 시장을 다양화하기 위하여 당사는당사의 제품을 귀사에게 수출하는데 관심이 많습니다. → In order to diverse our existing market, we areinterested in exporting our products to you.
  • 3
    당사는 귀사의 시장으로 당사의 사업을 넓히고싶어서 귀사에게 당사와 거래할 것을 제안합니다. → As we are now desire to extend our businessto your market, we are sending a businesspropose to you.
  • 4
    귀사의 견본을 받는 즉시 당사는 견본을 검사하고당사의 결정에 대해서 알려드리겠습니다. → Upon receipt of your samples, we will examinethem and let you know our decision.

37. Which is the best English composition for the given Korean sentences?
  • 1
    귀사의 주문 확인서를 받는 즉시 당사가 거래하는은행에 신용장을 개설하도록 하겠습니다. → We shall open a letter of credit with our bankas soon as we will receive your confirmationof the order.
  • 2
    지불 조건에 대한 세부 사항과 귀사가 다음 주문시사용할 수 있는 할인권을 첨부합니다. → We are attaching details of our term of paymentand a discount coupon for you to use whenyou take a future order with us.
  • 3
    이번 지연으로 발생한 불편에 대한 당사의 사과를받아주시기 바랍니다. → Please accept our apologies for any inconveniencethis delay may cause you.
  • 4
    현재 생산자로부터 철강 부품 배송을 기다리고있습니다. → We are currently awaiting for delivery of thesteel components from the manufacturer.

38. Which of the following is LEAST likely to beincluded in 'some problems'?
I would like to call your attention on the unsolved O/A transaction. The loss of buying on credit brings about some problems, and can be devastating to your business. 
Your account is now four months past due, and you've not responded to any of our requests for payment. By sending your check in the amount of US$75,000 today, you'll ensure the privilege of maintaining the good credit reputation you now have.
  • 1
    Affects and sometimes blocks the cash flow.
  • 2
    Helps to continue to order without having toinclude a check each time.
  • 3
    Costs the goodwill established so hard.
  • 4
    Limits the ability to replenish the stock

39. Which of the following is MOST likely to come immediately after the passage to end the letter?
I would like to call your attention on the unsolved O/A transaction. The loss of buying on credit brings about some problems, and can be devastating to your business. 
Your account is now four months past due, and you've not responded to any of our requests for payment. By sending your check in the amount of US$75,000 today, you'll ensure the privilege of maintaining the good credit reputation you now have.
  • 1
    For five months we've been writing to you in an attempt to clear up your unpaid balance of US$75,000.
  • 2
    We have always been willing to work with you during these times
  • 3
    We hope it won't be necessary for us to take this matter further, because you are one of our valued customers.
  • 4
    Starting with your April invoice, I may get the discount of 1.5%.

40. Below shows examples of crime used in international trade. Choose the right pair.
( ⓐ ) : by misrepresenting the price of the goods in the invoice and other documentation (stating it at above the true value), the seller gains excess value as a result of the payment.

( ⓑ ) : by misrepresenting the price of the goods in the invoice and other documentation (stating it at below the true value), the buyer gains excess value when the payment is made.

( ⓒ ) : the seller ships less than the invoiced quantity or quality of goods, thereby misrepresenting the true value of goods in the documents.

( ⓓ ) : the seller ships more than the invoiced quantity or quality of goods, thereby misrepresenting the true value of goods in the documents.
  • 1
    ⓐ Over invoicing – ⓑ Under invoicing - ⓒ Shortshipping – ⓓ Over shipping
  • 2
    ⓐ Over invoicing – ⓑ Under invoicing - ⓒ Overshipping – ⓓ Shot shipping
  • 3
    ⓐ Under invoicing - ⓑ Over invoicing - ⓒ Shortshipping – ⓓ Over shipping
  • 4
    ⓐ Under invoicing - ⓑ Over invoicing - ⓒ Fantomshipping – ⓓ Over shipping

41. Which of the following BEST fits the blanks in the letter?
We have today shipped 100 sets of TVs to the Nigerian Trading Co, Lagos. Since the standing of this company is unknown to us we do not wish to hand over ( ⓐ ) against their mere acceptance of a bill of exchange. Therefore we enclose ( ⓑ ) on them, together with bill of lading and the other shipping documents for payment. Please instruct your correspondent in Lagos to arrange for this
  • 1
    ⓐ a draft - ⓑ cash
  • 2
    ⓐ the shipping documents - ⓑ a sight draft
  • 3
    ⓐ goods - ⓑ check
  • 4
    ⓐ a sight draft - ⓑ the shipping documents

42. To whom is the letter being sent?
We have today shipped 100 sets of TVs to the Nigerian Trading Co, Lagos. Since the standing of this company is unknown to us we do not wish to hand over the shipping documents against their mere acceptance of a bill of exchange. Therefore we enclose a sight draft on them, together with bill of lading and the other shipping documents for payment. Please instruct your correspondent in Lagos to arrange for this
  • 1
    a seller
  • 2
    a bank
  • 3
    a correspondent
  • 4
    an importer

43. Fill out the blank with suitable words.
(      ) terms allows the importer to make payments at some specific date in the future and without the buyer issuing any negotiable instrument evidencing his legal commitment to pay at the appointed time. These terms are most common when the importer/buyer has a strong credit history and is well-known to the seller.
  • 1
    Open account
  • 2
    Letter of credit
  • 3
    Documentary Collection
  • 4
    Cash on Delivery

44. Fill out the blank with suitable words.
We regret to inform you that we have made a mistake in making out the invoice No. 123. The correct charge for radios is US$88. We are, therefore, enclosing (       ) for the amount undercharged.
  • 1
    sales note
  • 2
    purchase note
  • 3
    a debit note
  • 4
    a credit note

45. Which of the following is the LEAST properexplanation about the agent?
  • 1
    A person authorized by another to act for him iscalled as agent.
  • 2
    Co-agent means one who shares authority to actfor the principal with another agent and who isso authorized by the principal.
  • 3
    Agents employed for the sale of goods ormerchandise are called mercantile agents.
  • 4
    Del credere agent is an agent who makes himselfresponsible for any bad debts through insolvencyby principal.

46. Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate word(s).
Missing a deadline in shipment is bad business. It can cost you untold losses, not only because it may cost you the credit, but it also hurts your ( ⓐ ) as a reliable business person. If you can see that you will not meet an agreed-upon deadline, don't let the day come and go without saying anything. Well in advance of the deadline, request a/an ( ⓑ ) in writing.
  • 1
    ⓐ reputation - ⓑ extension
  • 2
    ⓐ money - ⓑ delay
  • 3
    ⓐ finance - ⓑ cancellation
  • 4
    ⓐ position - ⓑ postpone

47. Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate word(s).
Dear Ms. Yoo,
Your account is now ( ⓐ ) for 3 months.
Copies of outstanding invoices are attached.
If we do not receive payment in full by September
7, your account will be closed and service will be
cancelled. In addition, this matter will be turned
over to our ( ⓑ ).
Please call us within the next three business days
to discuss how we can resolve this matter.
Sincerely,
  • 1
    ⓐ blocked - ⓑ legal department
  • 2
    ⓐ past due - ⓑ collection agency
  • 3
    ⓐ due - ⓑ insurance company
  • 4
    ⓐ cancelled - ⓑ accountant

48. Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate word(s).
Insurance policies may contain language that entitle an insurer, once losses are paid on cliams, to seek recovery of funds from a ( ⓐ ) which caused the loss. The insured does not have the right to both file a claim with the ( ⓑ ) to receive the coverage outlined in the insurance policy and to seek damages from the third party
  • 1
    ⓐ third party - ⓑ insurer
  • 2
    ⓐ buyer - ⓑ insurer
  • 3
    ⓐ third party - ⓑ buyer
  • 4
    ⓐ buyer - ⓑ insured

49. Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate word(s).
( ⓐ ) is a transport or freight term indicating that loading/discharging costs are not included in the freight. In the charter party, context means that loading/discharging are not the shipowner's responsibility. The ( ⓑ ) is responsible for loading/discharging.
  • 1
    ⓐ FIO - ⓑ Charterer
  • 2
    ⓐ FI - ⓑ Shipper
  • 3
    ⓐ FO - ⓑ Charterer
  • 4
    ⓐ FIO - ⓑ Consignee

50. Fill in the blank with the best one.
The drawer in the bill of exchange is a party ( ).
  • 1
    who pays a bill at sight or on a time basis whenit is presented
  • 2
    who draws a draft upon another party for thepayment of specific amount
  • 3
    who receives payment from his bankers ortrading partners
  • 4
    who is directed to pay the sum specified in a billof exchange

무역실무


51. (ㄱ. ), ( ㄴ. ), ( ㄷ. ), ( ㄹ. )안에 들어갈 용어로 옳은것은?
Incoterms는 인도장소와 방법에 따라 11가지 정형거래 조건을 제정하여 사용하고 있다. ( ㉠ ) 등의 조건에서 선적과 인도가 같은 개념이지만 ( ㉡ ) 등에서는 그 개념을 달리한다. 따라서 계약조건으로 ( ㉢ )이란 용어를 사용하면 이것이 선적을 의미하는지, 위험의 이전을 의미하는지 또는 매도인이 매수인의 관리하에 물품의 반입을 의미하는지 혼동하기 쉽다. 결국 물품의 인도와 관련된 시기를 나타내는 계약조건은 ( ㉣ )이라고 명기 하는 것이 명확하다고 할 수 있다.
  • 1
    ㉠ CIF, ㉡ DAT, ㉢ 선적조건(shipment terms), ㉣ 인도조건(delivery terms)
  • 2
    ㉠ EXW, ㉡ CIP, ㉢ 선적조건(shipment terms), ㉣ 인도조건(delivery terms)
  • 3
    ㉠ DAP, ㉡ CPT, ㉢ 인도조건(delivery terms), ㉣ 선적조건(shipment terms)
  • 4
    ㉠ FOB, ㉡ DDP, ㉢ 인도조건(delivery terms), ㉣ 선적조건(shipment terms)

52. ( ㄱ ), ( ㄴ )안에 들어갈 숫자로 옳은 것은?
- 과부족용인약관(More or Less Clause) : 신용장통일
 규칙(UCP 600)은 살물(撒物)일 때 명시적인 과부족용인
 약관이 없더라도 ( ㉠ )%의 과부족은 허용하고 있다.
 - Approximate Quantity(About, Circa, Approximately)
 : 신용장통일규칙(UCP 600)은 ( ㉡ )% 범위 안에서
 과부족을 허용한다.
  • 1
    ㉠ 5 ㉡ 5
  • 2
    ㉠ 5 ㉡ 10
  • 3
    ㉠ 10 ㉡ 10
  • 4
    ㉠ 10 ㉡ 20

53. 양도가능 신용장(transferable credit)의 조건중 양도 시원신용장의 조건으로부터 변경 가능한 것으로 옳지 않은것은?
  • 1
    신용장의 금액 및 단가의 감액 - 유효기일의 단축
  • 2
    유효기일의 연장 - 서류제시기일의 연장
  • 3
    선적기일의 단축 - 부보비율의 증액
  • 4
    서류송부은행을 개설은행에서 양도은행으로 변경 - 부보비율의 증액

54. surrendered B/L에 관한 내용으로 옳지 않은 것은?
  • 1
    권리포기 선하증권이라고 한다.
  • 2
    non-negotiable이다.
  • 3
    사본으로 OBL 제시없이 화물을 인도받을 수 있다.
  • 4
    신용장 거래에서 안전하게 사용된다.

55. (ㄱ ), ( ㄴ ), ( ㄷ )안에 들어갈 용어로 옳은 것은?
(ㄱ. ), ( ㄴ. ), ( ( ㉠ )(이)란 화물의 개수, 중량 혹은 용적과 관계없이 일항해(Trip or Voyage) 혹은 선복의 크기(DWT)를 기준으로 하여 일괄 계산하는 운임을 말하며, ( ㉡ ) (이)란 항해용선계약에서 계약적재량을 채우지 못함으로 발생되는 운임을 말하고, ( ㉢ )(이)란 용선계약상 허용된 정박기간이 종료하기 전에 하역이 완료되었을 때 그 절약된 기간에 대하여 선주가 용선자에게 지급하는 보수를 말한다.. )안에 들어갈 용어로 옳은 것은?
  • 1
    ㉠ 선복운임(Lumpsum Freight), ㉡ 부적운임(DeadFreight), ㉢ 조출료(Despatch Money)
  • 2
    ㉠ 일대용선운임(Daily Charter Rate), ㉡ 부적운임(Dead Freight), ㉢ 체선료(Demurrage)
  • 3
    ㉠ 선복운임(Lumpsum Freight), ㉡ 부가운임(BulkySurchage), ㉢ 체선료(Demurrage)
  • 4
    ㉠ 일대용선운임(Daily Charter Rate), ㉡ 부가운임(Bulky Surchage), ㉢ 조출료(Despatch Money)

56. (ㄱ ), ( ㄴ )안에 들어갈 정형거래조건으로 옳은 것은?
( ㉠ )조건이라 함은 매도인이 물품을 본선에 적재하여 인도하거나 이미 그렇게 인도된 물품을 조달하는 것을 의미한다. 물품의 멸실 또는 손상의 위험은 물품이 본선에 적재된 때에 이전한다. 매도인은 물품을 지정 목적항까지 운송하는데 필요한 계약을 체결하고 그에 따른 비용과 운임을 부담하여야 한다. ( ㉡ )조건 등이 사용되는 경우에, 매도인은 물품이 목적지에 도착한 때가 아니라 선택된 당해 규칙에 명시된 방법으로 운송인에게 물품을 교부하는 때에 그의 인도의무를 이행한 것으로 된다.
  • 1
    ㉠ CFR, ㉡ CPT
  • 2
    ㉠ CIF, ㉡ DAT
  • 3
    ㉠ CPT, ㉡ CFR
  • 4
    ㉠ CIP, ㉡ FCA

57. 추심방식과 신용장방식의 설명으로 옳지 않은 것은?
  • 1
    추심방식과 신용장방식 모두 은행이 대금지급당사자로 개입한다.
  • 2
    추심방식과 신용장방식 모두 환어음이 이용된다.
  • 3
    추심방식보다는 신용장방식이 수출업자에게 보다안전한 결제방식이다.
  • 4
    D/P와 Sight L/C의 경우 Sight draft가 이용된다.

58. 복합운송에 대한 설명으로 옳은 것을 모두 고르면?
㉠ 운송계약은 각각의 운송수단별로 체결된다. 
㉡ 육상, 해상, 항공 운송 등이 서로 연결된다. 
㉢ 해상운송이 여러 번 연결된다. 
㉣ 전 구간에 대하여 1개의 운송증권이 발행된다
  • 1
    ㉠, ㉢
  • 2
    ㉠,㉣
  • 3
    ㉡, ㉢
  • 4
    ㉡,㉣

59. Incoterms 2010에 관한 내용으로 옳지 않은 것은?
  • 1
    FCA의 경우 Buyer가 자신을 위하여 적하보험에부보한다.
  • 2
    CPT의 경우 Buyer가 Seller를 위하여 적하보험에부보한다.
  • 3
    CIP의 경우 Seller가 Buyer를 위하여 적하보험에부보한다.
  • 4
    CIP의 경우 당사자간의 약정이 없다면 적하보험은최소담보 약관으로 부보하면 된다.

60. CIP거래에서 신용장 상에 다음과 같은 문구가 있다. 이에 대한 설명으로 옳지 않은 것은?
+Insurance Policy in duplicate issued to Beneficiary's
order and blank endorsed for the invoice value plus
10 pct.
  • 1
    보험증명서도 수리가능하다.
  • 2
    보험증권 상에 수익자의 백지배서가 필요하다.
  • 3
    보험부보금액은 송장금액의 110%이다.
  • 4
    보험증권의 피보험자란에 수익자명이 기재된다.

61. 매입은행인 JAKARTA BANK가 수출업자인 JAVA에게대금을 즉시 지급하고, 발행은행인 KOOKMIN BANK로부터 만기에 대금을 상환받는 경우를 무엇이라하는가?
- 수입업자 : HAEYANG CO., LTD. KOREA
- 수출업자 : JAVA CO., LTD. INDONESIA
- 수입업자 거래은행 : KOOKMIN BANK
- 수출업자 거래은행 : JAKARTA BANK
- 신용장 상의 문구 : "available with ANY BANK by
negotiation of your draft at 180 days after sight for
100 percent of invoice value."
  • 1
    shipper's usance
  • 2
    domestic banker's usance
  • 3
    overseas banker's usance
  • 4
    European D/P

62. 무역계약의 법적 성질에 대한 설명으로 옳지 않은 것은?
  • 1
    유상계약은 무상계약의 반대 개념이며, 이는 계약상금전적 대가를 부담한다는 것으로 채무 자체의 상호의존성에 중점을 둔 개념이다.
  • 2
    쌍무계약은 매매계약이 성립되면 양 당사자가 동시에채무를 부담한다는 것이다.
  • 3
    불요식계약은 특별한 형식 없이 구두나 행위 또는서명에 의하여도 의사의 합치만 확인되면 계약이성립된다는 것이다.
  • 4
    무역계약은 낙성계약이며 그 반대는 요물계약(要物契約)으로 당사자의 합의 이외에 일방의 물품인도나 기타의행위를 필요로 하는 계약을 말한다.

63. 신용장과 관련된 내용으로 옳은 것을 모두 고르면?
㉠ 신용장은 특정은행의 조건부 지급확약으로 상업신용을
 은행신용으로 전환시켜 주는 금융수단이다. 
㉡ 신용장 상에 아무런 언급이 없는 경우 양도가 가능하다. 
㉢ 무역거래에 사용되는 신용장은 일반적으로 'Documentary Credit’이다. 
㉣ 신용장에 의해 발행되는 환어음의 만기가 ‘at 90 days
 after sight’라면 ‘Sight Credit’이 된다. 
㉤ 양도가능 신용장이 개설되었다면 반드시 중계무역이
 발생하게 된다.
  • 1
    ㉠,㉡
  • 2
    ㉠,㉢
  • 3
    ㉠,㉣
  • 4
    ㉠,㉢,㉤

64. 선하증권에 대한 설명으로 옳지 않은 것은?
  • 1
    지정된 CY나 CFS에서 운송인에게 화물을 인도할 때수령했다는 증빙으로 수취 선하증권(received B/L)을발급해 준다.
  • 2
    UCP600에서 선적인은 신용장의 수익자가 될 필요가없다고 규정하고 있어 제3자 선하증권은 수리가능하다.
  • 3
    Switch B/L은 중계무역시 발급되는 것으로 Shipper란에중계업자의 상호를 기입하여 발급한다.
  • 4
    적색 선하증권(Red B/L)은 선하증권과 무역금융을결합한 것이다.

65. 중재제도의 특징으로 옳지 않은 것은?
  • 1
    단심제에 의한 신속한 분쟁해결
  • 2
    전문가에 의한 판정
  • 3
    자율성의 존중과 민주적인 절차 진행
  • 4
    심리의 공개진행

66. 매입은행이 Nego 서류 심사시 하자사항에 대한 모든책임을 수출업자가 부담한다는 일종의 보상장을 첨부하여 매입하는 방법은?
  • 1
    L/G Negotiation
  • 2
    Negotiation after Amendment
  • 3
    Cable Negotiation
  • 4
    Collection Basis

67. CIF 가격조건에서 매도인의 의무에 대한 내용으로 옳지않은 것은?
  • 1
    수출지에서 필요한 수출통관 및 허가를 득해야 한다.
  • 2
    계약물품에 대하여 최소한의 적하보험에 부보하여야한다.
  • 3
    보험금액은 매매계약에서 약정된 대금과 동일해야하지만, 보험의 통화는 매매계약의 통화와 동일하지않아도 된다.
  • 4
    본선에 물품의 적재를 마친 후 선박회사로부터 선하증권을 입수한다.

68. 공동해손분담금의 원천이 되는 공동해손이 성립하기위한 요건으로 볼 수 없는 것은?
  • 1
    통상적인 희생이나 비용
  • 2
    희생이나 비용이 자발적으로 발생된 것
  • 3
    고의로 발생시킨 비용
  • 4
    희생이 합리적인 수준 이내에서 발생된 것

69. 해상위험 담보방식으로 옳지 않은 것은?
  • 1
    ICC(A)-포괄담보방식
  • 2
    ICC(B)-열거담보방식
  • 3
    ICC(A/R)-열거담보방식
  • 4
    ICC(FPA)-열거담보방식

70. 컨테이너터미널 부두의 구조물에 관한 설명으로 옳지않은 것은?
  • 1
    Berth : 선박을 항만 내에 계선시키는 시설로 접안장소
  • 2
    Apron : 선박의 동요를 막기 위한 계선주(bit)가 설치되어 있는 곳
  • 3
    Marshalling Yard : 방금 하역했거나 적재할 컨테이너를정돈해두는 넓은 장소
  • 4
    CY Gate : 컨테이너 및 컨테이너 화물을 인수, 인도하는 장소로 화주와 운송인 간 책임의 분기점

71. 수출한 설비나 기술에 의하여 생산되는 제품을 수입하는무역거래형태는?
  • 1
    Compensation Trade
  • 2
    Counter Purchase
  • 3
    Off-Set Deal
  • 4
    Buy-Back Trade

72. UCP600 제3조 해석에 대한 내용으로 옳지 않은 것은?
  • 1
    “on or about”은 시작일과 끝나는 일자를 포함하여특정일자 전 5일부터 후 5일까지의 기간 중에발생해야 하는 것으로 해석한다.
  • 2
    선적기간(period of shipment)을 결정하기 위해 사용되는 “before”와 “after”는 언급된 일자를 제외한다.
  • 3
    만기(maturity date)를 정하기 위하여 “from”과 “after”라는 단어가 사용된 경우에는 명시된 일자를 포함한다.
  • 4
    어느 월의 “beginning”, “middle”, “end”이라는 단어가사용된 경우에는 각 해당 월의 1일부터 10일, 11일부터20일, 21일부터 해당 월의 마지막 날까지로 해석하면된다.

73. SWIFT신용장의 조항별 설명으로 옳지 않은 것은?
  • 1
    available with~ by~ : with 다음에는 은행명, by다음은 신용장 사용방법(지급, 연지급, 매입, 인수)을표시
  • 2
    draft at : 환어음의 지급기일을 표시
  • 3
    latest date of shipment : 최종선적일자를 표시
  • 4
    drawee name and address : 화환어음의 지급인(개설의뢰인)과 주소 표시

74. 국제물품매매계약에 관한 UN협약(CISG)의 규율대상에해당하지 않는 것은?
  • 1
    계약의 유효성
  • 2
    매수인의 권리구제
  • 3
    매도인의 의무
  • 4
    계약의 성립

75. 추정전손이 발생하면 피보험자가 보험자에게 위부통지를하여야 하고, 보험자가 위부의 수락여부를 결정하기전에 보험자나 피보험자가 피보험목적물의 회복, 구조또는 보존을 위하여 필요한 조치를 취한다고 해서 이를위부의 수락이나 포기로 간주하지 않는다는 취지의약관은 무엇인가?
  • 1
    Waiver Clause
  • 2
    Duty of Assured Clause
  • 3
    Reasonable Despatch Clause
  • 4
    Forwarding Charge Clause

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